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Gilles C H Nullens » Entries tagged with "yucatán peninsula"

4 Mexican Civilisation

Montezuma II, 22 year old, ascended the throne of Tenochtitlán. The first Spanish expedition to the coast of Mexico took place in 1517. They reached the Yucatan peninsula after leaving Cuba and discovered a large town of a size unknown in Cuba or Hispaniola. The native population of Central Mexico at that time has been estimated at 25 millions. Another expedition led by Hernando Cortés with 400 men landed in Yucatan in 1519 and by 1521 they had destroyed the Aztec Empire of 200,000 people with 50,000 men at arms. Diseases, alliance with the Tlaxcalas and other anti-Aztec tribes as well as the Spanish better was strategy explain the Aztec defeat. The first battle of Tenochtitlán took place in 1519. This city was built on a lake not very far from … Read entire article »

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3.2 Mexico

Benito Juárez, an indigenous Zapotec and President of Mexico from 1858 to 1872. He was the first president with indigenous roots in the Americas. The territory of modern-day Mexico was home to numerous indigenous civilizations prior to the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores: the Olmecs, who flourished from between 1200 BC to about 400 BC in the coastal regions of the Gulf of Mexico; the Zapotecs and the Mixtecs, who held sway in the mountains of Oaxaca and the Isthmus of Tehuantepec; the Maya in the Yucatán (and into neighbouring areas of contemporary Central America); the Purepecha or Tarascan in present day Michoacán and surrounding areas, and the Aztecs, who, from their central capital at Tenochtitlan, dominated much of the centre and south of the country (and the non-Aztec inhabitants of … Read entire article »

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