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Gilles C H Nullens » Entries tagged with "hohokam"

2.7.6 Sedentary Period/Sacaton Phase (AD 950-1050/1150)

Further population increase brought significant changes during this period. Irrigation canals and structures became larger and required more maintenance. More land came under cultivation, and amaranth was grown. House design evolved into post reinforced pit houses, covered with caliche adobe. Rancheria-like villages grew up around common courtyards, with evidence of increased communal activity. Large common ovens were used to cook bread and meats. Crafts were refined. By about AD 1000, the Hohokam mastered acid etching. Artisans produced jewellery from shell, stone and bone and began to carve stone figures. Cotton textile work flourished. Red-on-buff pottery was widely produced. This growth brought a need for increased organization and, perhaps, authority. The regional culture spread widely, extending from near the Mexican border to the Verde River in the north. There appears to be an … Read entire article »

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2.7.4 Pioneer/Formative Period (AD 1-750)

Living as simple farmers raising corn and beans, these early Hohokam founded a series of small villages along the middle Gila River. The communities were located near good arable land, with dry farming common in the earlier years of this period. Wells, usually less than 3 m deep, were dug for domestic water supplies. Early Hohokam homes were constructed of branches bent in a semi-circular fashion and then covered with twigs, reeds and heavily applied mud and other items at hand. Crop, agricultural skill and cultural refinements increased between AD 300 and AD 500 as the Hohokam acquired new plants, presumably from trade with peoples in the area of modern Mexico. These new acquisitions included cotton, tepary, sieva and jack beans, cushaw and warty squash and pig weed. Engineering improved access … Read entire article »

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